Medical Vocabulary Practice

Directions: Choose the best term to complete each of the sentences below

  1. Mary is a healthy 21-year-old Olympic athlete who no longer has her menses due to her excessive training. Her condition is called ___.
    1. menorrhagia
    2. dysmenorrhea
    3. amenorrhea

d.      menorrhea

  1. Stopping a patientís blood flow during surgery is vital for the patientís survival.This act of stopping blood flow is called ___.
    1. hemostasis
    2. phlebostasis
    3. arteriostasis

d.      venostasis

  1. When doctors refer to pain in the internal organs of the body, they use the term ___.
    1. visceroskeletal
    2. viscerogenic
    3. visceroptosis

d.      visceralgia

  1. Human blood contains two types of cells, red and white.The white blood cells are also called ___.
    1. melanocyte
    2. leukocyte
    3. cyanocyte

d.      xanthocyte

  1. When an examination of the interior of the eye is needed, the instrument that a doctor uses is called ___.
    1. ophthalmologist
    2. ophthalamopathy
    3. ophthalmoscope

d.      ophthalmoplegia

  1. High blood sugar is a condition known as ___.
    1. hypoglycemia
    2. hyperglycemia
    3. hypoglycogen

d.      hyperglycogen

  1. Sometimes the testicles of a male child fail to descend from the abdominal cavity when he is born.This condition of hidden testicles is called ___.
    1. cryptotesticles
    2. cryptorchidism
    3. orchidism

d.      orchidoplasty

  1. When a womanís vagina needs to be examined for abnormalities, a specific instrument is used.This instrument is called ___.
    1. colopopathy
    2. colposcope
    3. vaginascope

d.      gynoscope

  1. There are three main layers of tissue in humans.The outer germ layer is called the ___.
    1. ectoderm
    2. endoderm
    3. mesoderm

d.      retroderm

  1. There are three main layers of tissue in humans.The middle germ layer is called the ___.
    1. ectoderm
    2. endoderm
    3. mesoderm

d.      paraderm

  1. There are many one-celled organisms in the world.Another word for one-cell is ___.
    1. nullicyte
    2. monocyte
    3. multicyte

d.      muticellular

  1. A high fever can cause the body to lose water.This loss of water is called ___.
    1. dehydration
    2. dehydrated
    3. exhydration

d.      exhydrated

  1. When a tumor is found, it is often cut out and removed. This process is called ___.
    1. aberesis
    2. exeresis
    3. decretion

d.      excretion

  1. Opium belongs to a certain class of drugs that produces sleep. This type of drug is called a ___.
    1. narcolepsy
    2. narcotic
    3. narcosis

d.      pseudocotic

  1. Whenever a solution is injected into the blood, it must have the same osmotic pressure as red blood cells.A solution which has the same osmotic pressure is called ___.
    1. isotonic
    2. anotonic
    3. peritonic

d.      circumotonic

  1. When people have an allergic reaction, they may develop hives, which are limited in the space that they cover.Hives may be called ___ wheals.
    1. isoscribed
    2. diascribed
    3. periscribed

d.      circumscribed

  1. Soft contact lenses easily attract water.They are ___.
    1. hydrophobia
    2. hydrophobic
    3. hydrophilic

d.      hydrosis

  1. When a countryís population has people from different ethnic backgrounds, the population is ___.
    1. homogeneous
    2. heterogeneous
    3. homosexual

d.      heterosexual

  1. When a patient has a problem over the stomach region of the body, the region is called ___.
    1. epigastric
    2. infragastric
    3. subgastric

d.      intragastric

  1. When an area is free from infection, the area is said to be ___.
    1. sepsis
    2. septic
    3. aseptic

d.      antiseptic

  1. A type of drug that works against infection is called ___.
    1. anticonvulsive
    2. antipyretic
    3. anitnarcotic

d.      antibiotic

  1. When a person has his/her heart on the right side of the body, the condition is called ††††††††† cardiac ††††††††††† ___.
    1. transposition
    2. contralateral
    3. intransposition

d.      anti-transposition

  1. Arteries and nerves can divide into two branches.This division is also called ___.
    1. unifurcation
    2. bifurcation
    3. trifurcation

d.      hemifurcation

  1. A child may be born with a deformity or condition.This type of deformity or condition is called ___.
    1. unicongenital
    2. bicongenital
    3. congenital

d.      consanguinity

  1. Sometimes tissue is cut into parts for the purpose of study.This action is called ___.
    1. consection
    2. dissection
    3. transsection

d.      unsection