Medical Vocabulary Practice

Directions: Choose the best term to complete each of the sentences below

1.       A person with red, inflamed hands or feet has ___.

a.       acrocyanosis

b.       acrodermatitis

c.       acromegaly

d.       cytomegaly

2.       When something causes overgrowth of the heart, ___ results.

a.       megalogastria

b.       megalopenia

c.       megalocardia

d.       megalomania

3.       When a stomach ulcer has perforated, a partial ___ may be indicated.

a.       gastrectomy

b.       gastroduodenostomy

c.       duodenostomy

d.       duodenectomy

4.       A pregnant woman may require hospitalization because of ___.

a.       hypertrophy

b.       hyperencephalitis

c.       hypermalacia

d.       hyperemesis

5.       When the diagnosis is made of a diseased gland, but the disease is not specifically known or stated, the word used is ___.

a.       adenitis

b.       adenectomy

c.       adenoma

d.       adenopathy

6.       The substance in connective tissue that resembles mucus is a ___ substance.

a.       mucus

b.       mucosa

c.       mucoid

d.       mucoma

7.       Two noun forms for head pain are cephalagia and ___.

a.       cephalodynic

b.       cephalytis

c.       cephalitis

d.       cephalodynia

8.       The man was diagnosed with a brain tumor or ___.

a.       encephaloma

b.       encephalocele

c.       encephalitis

d.       encephalomalacia

9.       A hard outgrowth on a bone may be a bone tumor or ___.

a.       osteomalacia

b.       osteitis

c.       osteopathy

d.       osteoma

10.   Physcians call surgical repair of a joint a/an ___.

a.       tenoplasty

b.       bursoplasty

c.       arthroplasty

d.       chrondroplasty

11.   ___ nerves wander from the normal nerve track.

a.       Abducted

b.       Adhesion

c.       Abnormal

d.       Aberrant

12.   ___ means surgical puncture, puncture, or tapping of the abdomen.

a.       Amniocentesis

b.       Abdominocentesis

c.       Abdominocystic

d.       Abdominectomy

13.   Because of the damage to the brain, children with ___ are usually mentally retarded.

a.       hydrophobia

b.       hydrocephalic

c.       hydrocephalus

d.       hydrocentesis

14.   The word meaning excision of part of the cranium is ___.

a.       craniotomy

b.       craniomalacia

c.       cranial

d.       craniectomy

15.   Cocci growing in clusters are ___.

a.       diplococci

b.       streptococci

c.       staphylococci

d.       striptococci

16.   When pus-forming bacteria invade the lining of the chest, ___ results.

a.       pyothorax

b.       pyogenic

c.       pyocele

d.       pyotheraphy

17.   ___, a  disease affecting the ear, involves discharge, inflammation, and deafness.

a.       Otorrhea

b.       Otitis

c.       Otodynia

d.       Otoentesis

18.   A ___ is a stone in the nose.

a.       rhinorrhea

b.       rhinoplasty

c.       rhinotomy

d.       rhinolith

19.   Gallstones can result in inflammation of the gallbladder. Medically, this is called ___.

a.       cholelith

b.       cholecystitis

c.       cholecystomy

d.       cholecyntesis

20.   Children who play with their food while eating are exhibiting ___.

a.       bradykinesia

b.       kinesialgia

c.       kinesiology

d.       bradyphagia

21.   Abnormally fast or rapid heart action is ___.

a.       tachycardia

b.       cardialgia

c.       bradycardia

d.       staphylcardia

22.   When the lungs cannot get enough oxygen into the blood, blueness of the extremities, or ___, may result.

a.       acroparalysis

b.       acrocyanosis

c.       acrodermatitis

d.       acromegaly

23.   If the body does not produce enough white blood cells, the patient suffers from ___.

a.       cytopenia

b.       leukemia

c.       leukocytopenia

d.       cytology

24.   Patients who have greatly enlarged opinions of themselves suffer from ___.

a.       megalocardia

b.       megaloencephlia

c.       megalomania

d.       cephalalgia

25.   When an organ or tissue that has developed properly wastes away or decreases in size, it is undergoing ___.

a.       hypertrophy

b.       hydrotrophy

c.       hypotrophy

d.       hypothermia