Medical Vocabulary Practice

Directions: Choose the best term to complete each of the sentences below

1.       The patientís stomach cancer was so advanced that most of his stomach had to be removed by performing a ___.

a.       gastrectomy

b.       gastrotomy

c.       gastrostomy

d.       gastropathy

2.       A cancer affecting the white cells of the blood is ___.

a.       leucocytopenia

b.       leukodermia

c.       leukemia

d.       leucocytosis

3.       as concerned about an inflammation of the skin on his feet.The doctor found he had ___.

a.       cyanosis

b.       cyanodermatosis

c.       acrodermatitis

d.       hyperdermatitis

4.       Mucus is a secretion of the ___ membrane.†††††††††

a.       mucous

b.       mucus

c.       mucosa

d.       mucoid

5.       In order to ease the patientís breathing permanently, the doctor inserted a cannula in his throat following a ___.

a.       laryngitis

b.       laryngostomy

c.       laryngectomy

d.       laryngoma

6.       He suffers from megalocardia, and his heart muscle has ___.

a.       hypertrophied

b.       hypotrophied

c.       megalized

d.       cardiomyelized

7.       An ordinary headache is a mild form of ___.

a.       cephalgia

b.       encephalocele

c.       cephalodynia

d.       a and c

8.       Recently, Queen Elizabeth of England had minor surgery to remove some damaged cartilage in her ankle.She underwent a ___.

a.       chondrectomy

b.       myelostomy

c.       chondracostal adjustment

d.       arthroplasty

9.       A man suffers from heartburn because he eats too fast. The medical term for eating too fast is ___.

a.       tachyphagia

b.       bradyphagia

c.       tachycardia

d.       tachymeter

10.   She suffers from severe and painful arthritis, and even small movements can cause her to experience ___.

a.       tachykinesia

b.       kinesialgia

c.       bradyphagia

d.       osteoma

11.   His gallstones were so severe that the surgeon decided to excise the gallbladder in a ___.

a.       cholecystomy

b.       cholelithomy

c.       cholecystectomy

d.       calculectomy

12.   The man complained of ___, or discharge from the nose.

a.       rhinorrhea

b.       otodynia

c.       rhinitis

d.       lithogenesis

13.   Bacteria which produce pus are ___.

a.       iatrogenic

b.       pyogenicstaphylitic

c.       pyogenic

d.       streptococcic

14.   The cocci are ___.

a.       a family of viruses

b.       a family of bacteria

c.       the lower vertebrae of the spine

d.       none of the above

15.   Cocci growing in clusters are ___.

a.       diplocci

b.       streptococci

c.       staphylococci

d.       none of the above

16.   The meninges cover the___.

a.       heart

b.       lungs and bronchi

c.       brain and spinal cord

d.       liver

17.   Thinking, feeling, and movement are controlled by the ___.

a.       cranium

b.       cephalos

c.       cerebrum

d.       hydrocephalus

18.   Pelvimetry may be useful in determining ___.

  1. a manís fertility
  2. a womanís potential for difficulties during labor
  3. the sex of an unborn child
  4. none of these

19.   To remove an accumulation of fluids in the patientís chest, the doctor ordered ___.

a.       amniocentesis

b.       thoracocentesis

c.       abdominocentesis

d.       thoracoplasty

20.   An ___ occurs when two normally separate tissues join together. This is less common after surgery now than in the past because post-operative patients walk sooner after surgery than they used to.

a.       addiction

b.       abduction

c.       adhesion

d.       adduction

21.   A region above the lumbar is ___lumbar.

a.       supra

b.       super

c.       sub

d.       hyper

22.   The CT scan showed a carcinoma.The patient has ___.

a.       heart problems

b.       an inflamed pancreas

c.       hepatic failure

d.       a cancerous tumor

23.   Calcium deficiencies, perhaps caused by a parathyroid disorder, can cause softening of the bones, i.e. ___.

a.       osteomalacia

b.       osteoarthropathy

c.       osteoarthritisosteomyelitis

d.       osteoma

24.   An encephalocele is a/an ___.

a.       herniation

b.       aberration

c.       disorientation

d.       excision

25.   Hydrotherapy is a curative process that uses ___.

a.       electricity

b.       water

c.       high protein diets

d.       low sodium diets