Directions: After reading the essay below, answer the questions that follow it.
Gastroscopy is a valuable and essential tool that facilitates the task of evaluating the upper digestive tract in order to diagnose and treat the disorders that may afflict it. These may include abdominal pain, bleeding, stomach and esophagus cancers, and gastritis. The result of this exam determines the method of treatment that will be planned for the patient. Gastroscopy is an extremely safe and accurate exam that is associated with a low risk of complications. Gastroscopy, then, is a non-surgical diagnostic test that safely inspects the interior of the stomach. An instrument, termed a gastroscope, is utilized for this direct visual inspection. A successful gastroscopy is achieved in three important stages.
The stage before the actual examination involves a number of preparatory steps that lead to a successful examination. To begin with, the patient is asked to fast for six hours before the exam. The stomach should be empty during the procedure so that nothing block the inspection of the lining and so that the patient does not vomit. The individual is allowed to take important medications but is prohibited from antacids and tobacco usage. The patient is also asked to arrive early in order to complete registration and accomplish the pre-operative procedures. In addition, a companion must be brought to sit with the patient in the recovery room and to drive the patient home because the patient will be drowsy and incapable of driving a car.
Once the patient has been properly prepared, the actual gastroscopy procedure begins. The patient is positioned on the examination table, and a number of devices are placed on the body to monitor the patient’s vital signs during the procedure. These include a blood pressure cuff that measures the blood pressure, a pulse oximeter that monitors the pulse and oxygen level, and an electrocardiogram that pictures the heart tracing. To relieve the pain utterly, the patient is sedated with a liquid anesthetic, and a combination of Demerol and Versed is intravenously injected. After that, the gastroscope is carefully inserted, and a mouthpiece is placed between the teeth. In order to facilitate the inspection of the lining of the upper digestive tract, the stomach is filled with a small quantity of air. The lining of the tract is subsequently inspected. The doctor may photograph the areas of abnormality that appear. In such cases, a biopsy may be taken in order to determine what is wrong. Forceps are passed inside the gastroscope to snip a tissue sample for laboratory analysis. Also, at that point, any polyps that are found are removed.
Once the exam is complete, the recovery stage commences. The patient rests in the recovery room with a companion until the effects of the sedation disappear. When the patient becomes more alert, the findings of the procedures are discussed with the doctor. Afterwards, the companion can drive the patient home. At home, the patient should be provided with an opportunity to sleep. In addition to rest, a normal diet may be resumed, and hard work should be avoided.
In conclusion, three stages make up a complete and successful gastroscopy procedure. The first stage involves preparing the patient for the actual exam, which makes up the second stage. The final stage involves the recovery of the patient. This process is crucial for providing an accurate and effective diagnosis of upper digestive tract problems.
1. Abdominal pain and gastritis are examples of _____.
a. the upper digestive tract
2. The tool used in gastroscopy is a/an _____.
d. direct visual inspection
3. What happens in stage I?
a. The patient is prepared.
b. The patient is sent home.
c. The patient is sedated.
d. The patient is examined.
4. A patient may smoke right before the procedure.
5. Fasting before the procedure is important because _____.
a. the view will be clearer
b. the patient will not vomit
c. both a and b
d. none of the above
6. What monitors the patient’s oxygen level?
a. a blood pressure cuff
b. a pulse oximeter
c. an ectrocardiogram
d. all of the above
7. The actual procedure is part of which stage?
a. stage 1
b. stage 2
c. stage 3
d. stage 4
8. The patient can be driven straight back to work after the procedure as long as the companion drives.
9. The best title for this essay is _____.
b. What Is Gastroscopy
c. The Process of Gastroscopy
d. A Comparison of the Stages of Gastroscopy
10. In line 1, the word “facilitates” means _____.
11. In line 3, the word “abdominal” is the adjective form of the word meaning _____.
12. In line 8, the word “termed” means _____.
13. In line 14, the word “individual” means _____.
14. In line 23, the word “pulse” means _____.
15. In line 24, the word “utterly” means _____.
16. In line 29, the word “areas” means _____.
17. In line 33, the word “commences” means _____.